Epinephelus flavolimbatus

Illustration and Copyright by Duane Raver

Illustrations are for viewing purposes only.

Description: The body is light tan to grayish brown along the back and upper sides. The lower sides and belly are whitish. The dorsal, pectorals, and occasionally the caudal fins are trimmed in bright yellow. Juveniles are usually speckled with white spots and possess a black blotch on the caudal peduncle. The black spot does not reach below the lateral line. A similar spot is found on young snowy grouper, but it is positioned lower.

Where found: inhabits hard bottom and rocky outcroppings in depths of 190 to 220m. It ranges from offshore of NC along the continental shelf break to Brazil and the Gulf of Mexico.

Possession and Size Limits: 4 per person in aggregate of all groupers, No size limit. Captain and crew prohibited from retaining bag limits of any grouper while under charter.

Federal Recreational Season: None

Size: Common to 40 pounds.

Remarks: grouper live at least 15 years and grow to 1110 mm. Like their close relative, snowy grouper, yellowedge grouper are believed to be protogynous hermaphrodites. Sex reversal may take place over a wide range of sizes, but has usually occurred by the time a fish reaches 850 mm (Keener, 1984). Yellowedge grouper normally mature between ages five and six (450 to 469 mm). Spawning occurs from April to October with a September peak, and eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Stock Status: According to a 2011 SEDAR 22 Benchmark Assessment, yellowedge grouper are neither overfished, nor experiencing overfishing.  An update assessment of yellowedge grouper is tentatively scheduled for 2015.